The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Dandelion Beer is a rustic fermented drink common in many parts of the country and made also in Canada. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad.  The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. In April they almost dominate the landscape. The calyculi (the cuplike bracts that hold the florets) are composed of 12 to 18 segments: each segment is reflexed and sometimes glaucous. Subordinate Taxa. common dandelion scientific name. [verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places.  The common name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion, or "lion's tooth", in reference to the plant's jagged-edged leaves. – dandelion. Taraxacum officinale technically also gets called dandelion (and common dandelion) in addition to the genus as a whole. ceratophorum) is native there.. Genus. dandelion; Other Scientific Names. Native Introduced Native and Introduced.  Another plant, sometimes referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces "yellow fields" later.  It has also been used in a saison ale called Pissenlit (the French word for dandelion, literally meaning "wet the bed") made by Brasserie Fantôme in Belgium. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Gibbons, E. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. dandelion species name. , Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia, and was originally imported to America as a food crop. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds. Dandelion.  T. officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. Posted by December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name December 12, 2020 Leave a comment on dandelion species name Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Schinz ex Thell. They are an invasive species in some areas. The only way to identify it with certainty is to examine mature fruits (seeds), which in this species, are dull brick red to reddish or purplish brown (not olive-colored to greenish brown, as in the common dandelion). (1998) found that taraxalisin hydrolyzes a chromogenic peptide substrate Glp-Ala-Ala-Leu-pNA optimally at pH 8.0. The seeds are also a common contaminant in crop and forage seeds. Help. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Links. ... Genus. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. Taraxacum officinale F.H. 117. References: Fernald (1933), Brouillet (2006).  The name "blowball" has also been used.. They are probably closest in character to mustard greens.  The flowers are used to make dandelion wine, the greens are used in salads, the roots have been used to make a coffee substitute (when baked and ground into powder) and the plant was used by Native Americans as a food and medicine. Taraxacum californicum. form of Fr.,=lion's tooth], any plant of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae (aster aster [Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family. Plants typically have 24 or 40 pairs of chromosomes, while some have 16 or 32 pairs. Cambridge University Press. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The current genus name Taraxacum derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon, or from the Greek Tarraxos. Allergenicity: No allergy has been reported for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) species. , The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization. << Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). The two most common sources in North American dandelion honey are Taraxacum officinale (the common dandelion) and Taraxacum laevigatum (red-seed or rock dandelion). , Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae, Dandelion flower (left) and ripe fruits (right), 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen. The Flora of Victoria (1994) list two Australian native species (Native Dandelion – T. cygnorum from the far south-west and Mountain Dandelion – T. aristum from the subalpine ranges) and one species group, one unnamed species and four sections containing the introduced species. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. 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