major and minor scales pdf

For instance if you start the major scale on the 6th note you are playing the natural minor scale and the 3rd degree of the minor scale is the major scale. We are taught that the major scale is made up of the series tone–tone–semitone–tone–tone–tone–semitone. The Minor Scales Explained. It is believed to have been used way back in ancient times. One Octave Major and Minor Scales Trumpet in Bb Boltz Bands Concert C Major (D Major) 7 Concert A Minor (B Minor) 13 Concert F Major (G Major) 19 Concert D Minor (E Minor) 25 Concert Bb Major (C Major) 31 Concert G Minor (A Minor) 37 Concert Eb Major (F Major) 43 V.S. Includes an in-depth explanation that leads to complete understanding of the fundamentals of major and minor scales, chords, arpeggios and cadences plus a clear explanation of scale degrees and a guide to fingering the scales … Make copies of the PDF score in whole or in part except as expressly provided for in this agreement. I also showed how those 3 scales can be applied to any key whether it’s a major key or a minor key, since “the major scale” and “the minor scale” are essentially the same thing, just viewed from 2 different perspectives. The minor scales ascend in melodic minor, and then descend in natural minor. These color coded music scales work well in conjunction with the Fretless Finger Guide®. This scale is often referred to as a five-tone scale or a five-note scale. C major and A minor pentatonic use the very same notes and form the very same patterns, so the answer to your question is yes. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative minor.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. Well, this lesson is different. Major Scale Modes Each note in a scale can be considered the root. The violin sheet music scales below are composed to be played in first position. Free Printable 12 Major Scales (PDF) Below is a study guide organized in the order I would advise you to learn the 12 major scales. The major pentatonic is the basic scale of the music of China and Mongolia. Let’s learn major and minor piano music scales in all keys. Let’s learn how to form a major scale on piano using a simple formula. They cover all the natural keys (not sharp/flat). Use the G major pentatonic in Folk, Country and Rock in the key of G when you don’t want the blues sound. Pentatonic Scale Bass Scales Chart: Pentatonic Scale Patterns. After the major and minor scales, we have charted the pentatonic scale and examine at its usage as well as the Chromatic scale which contains all 12 notes and how you can apply it. Concert C Minor (D Minor) This is because power chords do not contain a major or minor 3rd so they're effectively neutral. The major scale forms the basis of most music theory, everything else is in relation to it. Going up, the 3rd scale degree is flat, but the rest is like a major scale, and going down it is the same as a natural minor scale. The location of the scale’s intervals. Scale, chord, arpeggio and cadence studies in all major and minor keys. This pack includes 12 PDFs in total of arpeggios sorted logically. Make sure to follow this study guide step by step, and you’ll be the Major Scale Master in no time! Keep in mind that when you play the scale over a piece of music in the key of C, then the scale is not really A minor, it’s C major. You may not: 1. A collection of all Natural Minor scale charts can be downloaded as a PDF-file. Minor scales are similarly made up of two … Worksheet 1 C major scale Worksheet 2 G major scale Worksheet 3 D major scale Worksheet 4 A major scale Worksheet 5 E major scale Worksheet 6 B major scale Worksheet 7 F sharp major scale Worksheet 8 F major scale Worksheet 9 B flat major scale Worksheet 10 E flat major scale Worksheet 11 A flat major scale Worksheet 12 A harmonic minor scale Worksheet 13 E harmonic minor scale Worksheet … Scales include major, harmonic minor, and melodic minor varieties. The key difference between major and minor scaes is that notes on a major scale sound bright and cheerful, while notes on a minor scale sound solemn and sad. Print this document for your personal use. G Major 3. Relative keys have, as said above, the same notes and can be found for all major and natural minor scales. Concert C Minor (D Minor) Major and minor scales are built similarly. B Flat Major 9. Think of a major scale, for example, the C major scale. Unlike major and minor scales, the pentatonic has no semitones. F Major 8. on the 1, 3, 5, or 6.There are two options for spelling the tonic minor scale, that is with a major 7th or a ∑7th. B Major 7. Applying your music theory skills in this way will save you endless hours learning and practicing new scale fingerings! The scales and their charts are presented in the order they appear in the Circle of Fifths. major_scales_pdf1. But this obscures the true symmetry of the scale, which is revealed if you think of it as two groups of four notes (tetrachords), each comprising tone–tone–semitone, which are joined by a tone. These can be downloaded as a ZIP file and printed for any purpose. List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. Piano scales chart. The word “pentatonic” comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means tone. D Major 4. The rule in general music theory is that when you use mel minor, you always descend in natural minor. Arpeggios are usually the next set of scales that are taught together with major and minor scales. The differences between the two are: Make one copy of the PDF score solely for back-up purposes. Title: minor scales - clarinet - Full Score Author: Joe Created Date: 3/19/2012 8:38:13 AM On a C–69 chord scale you can use either B natural or B ∑ since the 7th is on an upbeat. 1. Mixing major and minor scales If you're soloing over a power chord riff, you'll have more choice over whether you choose major or minor. It also helps to think of modes as major (3) or minor … Descending, the notes are exactly what the key signature is. A Major 5. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. Each image below shows one major violin scale and that major scale’s relative minor violin scale. This is what the modes are. Here's a list of all major scales in order of fifths. To understand how to form music scales, you need to understand the concept of whole steps and half steps. Minor Scales Cheat Sheet • Harmonic minor – raise the 7 th scale degree • Melodic minor – raise the 6 th and 7 th scale degree (ascending), revert to The position of the 3rd and 6th notes. Major and minor scales are variations of the diatonic scale, which is a musical scale built with intervals of 5 whole steps and 2 half steps.The diatonic pattern is as follows: Scales include all keys, beginning at C major, followed by G major, D major, etc until F sharp major, then switches over to D flat major, and descends in flats until F major. They show the scales as played on a 4 string bass with standard tuning. One Octave Major and Minor Scales Tenor Saxophone Boltz Bands Concert C Major (D Major) 7 Concert A Minor (B Minor) 13 Concert F Major (G Major) 19 Concert D Minor (E Minor) 25 Concert Bb Major (C Major) 31 Concert G Minor (A Minor) 37 Concert Eb Major (F Major) 43 V.S. The root notes are highlighted in blue with a square box. Three-Octave Scales and Arpeggios for Viola C major scale C melodic minor scale Scales ascend and descend two octaves. So, a lot to think about, but it's useful to be introduced to this stuff early on, so you're prepared for learning scales. Below is a guitar scales chart for the major scales and another for the minor scales. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. List of All Major Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Minors. Scroll down to download a printable pdf version of the chart, with no log-in or sign-up required. Melodic Minor Scales F Melodic Minor Bb Melodic Minor Eb Melodic Minor Ab Melodic Minor C# Melodic Minor F# Melodic Minor B Melodic Minor E Melodic Minor A Melodic Minor D Melodic Minor G Melodic Minor 4. Relative keys – Major and Minor . C Major 2. Notes of the G Major Blues Scale and the E Minor Blues Scale When learning different scale fingerings (or patterns) for all of the above scale types, it is helpful to think about each scale as both a major and a minor scale at the same time. However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use:. There are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic. But what is the relative minor scale? For instance, A melodic minor has F# and G# going up (just as the A major scale does) and is all white notes coming down (just like the key signature of no sharps or flats!). The root of the minor triad is thus considered the top of the fifth, which, in the United States, is called the fifth. Here you see an overview of some of the most common scales: Major scales with relative minor Pentatonic scales major and minor It was created that way in order to function with certain chord progressions. Ascending melodic minor scales turn into the major scale once you’ve passed the flatten third. In the Neo-Riemannian theory, the minor mode is considered the inverse of the major mode, an upside down major scale based on (theoretical) undertones rather than (actual) overtones (See also: Utonality).. Use the E minor pentatonic scale when soloing over 12 Bar blues in either E major or E minor, it works equally well over both. The minor scale is the scale which sounds negative – it is used by composers to depict sad, melancholic or even angry/dramatic moods. But start by printing your free major scales (the links open in a new window). The lack of the major scale’s 4th and 7th scale tones makes the pentatonic sound wonderfully generic. E Major 6. I have produced a free PDF download of major and minor arpeggios for piano. E Flat Major This is explained in the relative major/minor concept. They cover the whole fretboard up … The bass scales chart below shows three common bass scales (pentatonic minor, blues and major) as patterns on a fretboard. Amazon Affiliate Disclaimer piano-music-theory.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Scale Sheets In the following keys: 1. It is a very helpful booklet with all the diatonic major and minor scales. Is that when you use mel minor, blues and major ) as patterns on a 4 string bass standard! Harmonic, and melodic produced a free PDF download of major and minor. The 7th is on an upbeat come across and can use either B natural or ∑! Version of the chart, with no log-in or sign-up required printed for any purpose a major,! Comes from the Greek word pente which means five and tonic which means.. Copy of the PDF score in whole or in part except as expressly provided in! 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