case study research definition

Perhaps, you’re wondering, what is a case study research? A detailed intensive study of a unit, such as a corporation or a corporate division, that stresses factors contributing to its success or failure. 2. [27] The methods chosen rely heavily on the amount of capital the organization is able to spend and the kind of data that is required by the group. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. Under the more generalized category of case study exist several subdivisions, each of which is custom selected for use depending upon the goals of the investigator. 2 Case Study Research: What, Why and How? Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. What’s more, a case study can be retrospective or prospective. How effective are pediatric pain management practices by nurses? I'm not really into this type of thing but my laptop pretty much exploded with days worth of work on it. The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. Well, this is a research method that utilizes reports from past studies. A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights. Meaning: The case study method is a very popular form of qualitative analysis and involves a careful and complete observation of a social unit, be that unit a person, a family, an institution, a cultural group or even the entire community. Nevertheless, it’s an intensive and systematic investigation of a group, community, individuals, or other units where the researchers examine in-depth data that relate to several variables. Case study is a research methodology, typically seen in social and life sciences. [28] By 1920, this practice had become the dominant pedagogical approach used by law schools in the United States. Reality may be an objective thing, but it is understood and interpreted by people who, in turn, act upon it, and so critical realism, which addresses the connection between the natural and social worlds, is a useful basis for analyzing the environment of and events within an organization. Prepare relevant materials like questionnaires to collect relevant information. Focus Groups: It is a method of the advanced level; here you have to gather from 8 up to 12 people who have to know at least some information about it. We felt case study research was important to define because it is a common approach in healthcare research. This method is useful for answering cause and effect questions. Information and translations of case study in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. I really excel in science subjects though and that's what I love to do. For example, a case study of a veteran with PTSD can be used to help new therapists better understand what veterans experience. Case Study; A case study research is an in-depth analysis of a person, situation or event. Additional relevant documentation, such as financial statements, time-lines, and short biographies, often referred to in the case study as exhibits, and multimedia supplements (such as video-recordings of interviews with the case subject) often accompany the case studies. [15][16] A case may be chosen because of the inherent interest of the case or the circumstances surrounding it. [23][49][41] The authors' recommendation is to increase the number of observations (a recommendation that Barbara Geddes also makes in Paradigms and Sand Castles),[50] because few observations make it harder to estimate multiple causal effects, more likely that there is measurement error, and risks that an event in a single case was caused by random error. the patient’s personal history). Case Studies. When researchers use multiple cases, they analyze each case separately. The main difference between action research and case study is their purpose; an action research study aims to solve an immediate problem whereas a case study aims to provide an in-depth analysis of a situation or case over a long period of time. cohort design longitudinal design. There is no one definition of case study research.1 However, very simply… ‘a case study can be defined as an intensive study about a person, a group of people or a unit, which is aimed to generalize over several [24][23][39][40] Case studies are also useful for formulating concepts, which are an important aspect of theory construction. (2005), Ragin, Charles C. and Becker, Howard S. Eds. Case study methodology in research generates context-dependent knowledge of accounts of practice which should be explored and studied analytically. Thus, researchers engage in case study qualitative research. Case study method definition is - a method of research used especially in sociology by which accumulated case histories are analyzed with a view toward formulating general principles. In a case where the market of any organization is in jeopardy, the agency will seek answers and solutions. These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than in popular works. observations & interviews). Proofread and edit your final case study paper. Focus Group Research; In-depth study of every single problem; Case Analysis Research; Literature Research ; 1. An Abbreviated Definition All case study research starts from the same compelling feature: the desire to derive a(n) (up-)close or otherwise in-depth understanding of a single or small number of “cases,” set in their real-world contexts (e.g., Bromley, 1986, p. 1). Case study research methodology can include: Case studies are more in-depth when compared to observational research. Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. An average, or typical case, is often not the richest in information. The aim is that to find out the influencing factors of a social unit and … Illustrative case studies serve primarily to make the unfamiliar familiar and to give readers a common language about the topic in question. Researchers describe how case studies examine complex phenomena in the natural setting to increase understanding of them.3 4 Indeed, Sandelowski5 suggests using case studies in research means that the holistic nature of nursing care can be addressed. Nobody can understand how my essays are always as good as they are. In business research, four common case study approaches are distinguished. A definition of the case study is presented in section 1.5, and expanded upon in section 1.6. The primary methods used include: interviews, surveys, focus groups, observations and in some cases, field trials. The number of variables is usually very large. However, students should be keen to choose topics they are comfortable researching and writing about. It is based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group, or event. George, Alexander L. and Bennett, Andrew. This approach is used to research and write about topics in education, sociology, and community-based issues like drug addiction, poverty, and unemployment. The National Center for Case Studies in Teaching Science has made a growing body of case studies available for classroom use, for university as well as secondary school coursework. [citation needed] With several notable exceptions (e.g., Janis on Groupthink)[32], Frederic Le Play first introduced the case-study method into social science in 1829 as a handmaiden to statistics in his studies of family budgets. Required fields are marked *. Cumulative case study- This is a case study that entails the aggregation of information from different sources that were collected at varying times. Illustrative case studies: These are primarily descriptive studies. [51], A commonly described limit of case studies is that they do not lend themselves to generalizability. Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. The Inception of Modern Professional Education: C. C. Langdell, 1826–1906 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009), Braumoeller, Bear and Anne Sartori. It is a method of study in depth rather than breadth. Case study definition in research may vary. In the social and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case. Most social sciences recognize case study research design and methods and their roles have become more prominent. It’s an empirical inquiry and research strategy that is based on an in-depth investigation of a group, event, or individual to … Your email address will not be published. There is no one definition of case study research.1However, very simply… ‘a case study can be defined as an intensive study about a person, a group of people or a unit, which is aimed to generalize over several units’.1A case study has also been described as an inten- sive, systematic investigation of a single individual, group, community or some other unit in which the researcher examines in-depth data … This can include a person, a group, an event, a decision, a policy, period, institution, or any other system that can be studied historically. Case study research is particularly appropriate for situations in which the examination and understanding of context is important. Definition of case study in the Definitions.net dictionary. Case studies are often done in the subject's real-world context, which gives researchers a good view of what they are really like. This can lead to a better understanding of the phenomenon under investigation. This method involves a deep dive into ongoing research and collecting data. chsrf.org. A case study is basically an in-depth examination of a particular event, situation or an individual. Generally, a case can be nearly any unit of analysis, including individuals, organizations, events, or actions. In social studies, the case study is a research method in which a phenomenon is investigated in its real-life context. [6][2]:5–6[7] Case study research have also played a prominent place in business and management research.[8]. Exploratory (or pilot) case studies: These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation. What does case study mean? Its purpose is to help researchers identify research questions and select the measurement types before the main investigation. And even easier when you have an expert to do it for you. These types of case study include the following: Some cases study marketing analysis to ensure a full understanding of the effects on an organization. Steps in Conducting Field Research. [9][12] Finally, the reason for case study research can also be to identify "anomalies"; a representative scholar of this approach is Michael Burawoy. They also can’t provide predictive power the same way correlational research can do. Essentially, this study can be defined as an exploratory and descriptive analysis of a case. King, Gary/ Keohane, Robert O./ Verba, Sidney: Kimball, B. There are substantial methodological differences between these approaches. But, they can’t be generalized to a larger population the way researchers do when conducting experimental research. It also provides a common language for the readers about a subject. Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method. This search can involve a review of grey literature, reports, and media content. Case study research can mean single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence, and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. It can also be used to challenge or question universal or highly generalized assertions. For instance, a case study can be used in clinical research to monitor and determine the effectiveness of treatment. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. This method can be used to answer the cause and effect study questions. (2009). It comprises condensed case studies that are performed before a large-scale investigation. 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