azure api management security best practices

For example, get notifications when your Azure API Management instance has been exceeding its expected peak capacity over a certain period of time or if there has been a certain number of unauthorized gateway requests or errors over a predefined period of time. Guidance: Microsoft maintains time sources for Azure API Management. The attacker receives a "403 unauthorized access" exception, and the connection is closed. How to configure Conditional Access to block access to Azure Resource Manager, Role-based access control in Azure API Management. Use Azure Secure Score in Azure Security Center as your guide. Custom and external groups can be used alongside system groups in giving developers visibility and access to API products. Guidance: For control plane audit logging, enable Azure Activity Log diagnostic settings and send activity logs to a Log Analytics workspace for reporting and analysis, to Azure Storage for long-term safekeeping, to Azure Event Hubs for export in other analytics solutions on Azure and elsewhere. Guidance: Use Azure Monitor with the Azure Activity log to create alerts for when changes take place to production Azure Functions apps as well as other critical or related resources. How to create a managed identity for an API Management instance, Policy to authenticate with managed identity. By specifying the service tag name (e.g., ApiManagement) in the appropriate source or destination field of a rule, you can allow or deny the traffic for the corresponding service. Application Gateway is a PaaS service. Below I have listed some security options you may choose to implement: 1. Understand NSG configurations for Azure API Management. These audits can be created for server-level events and database-level events based on key specifications. Guidance: Whenever possible, use Azure AD as the central authentication and authorization system. Azure API Management outputs logs and metrics to Azure Monitor by default. Additionally, to help you keep track of dedicated administrative accounts, you may use recommendations from Azure Security Center or built-in Azure Policies, such as: How to use Azure Security Center to monitor identity and access (Preview). How to integrate API Management in an internal VNET with Application Gateway. Guidance: Define and implement standard security configurations for network settings related to your Azure API Management deployments. For more information, see Security control: Penetration tests and red team exercises. However, it’s important to be mindful of authorized users when practicing best practices. Azure API Management subscriptions, which are one means of securing access to APIs, do however come with a pair of generated subscription keys. How to enable Diagnostic Settings for Azure Activity Log, How to enable Diagnostic Settings for Azure API Management. For the underlying platform which is managed by Microsoft, Microsoft treats all customer content as sensitive and goes to great lengths to guard against customer data loss and exposure. This will flag up with your security testing tools. Guidance: If using custom Azure policy definitions, use Azure DevOps or Azure Repos to securely store and manage your Azure API Management service configuration. Guidance: Maintain an inventory of accounts that have administrative access to the Azure API Management control plane (Azure portal). How to backup Azure Key Vault certificates. The Primary Goal of API Governance: Consistency. Configure your Azure API Management instance to protect your APIs by using the OAuth 2.0 protocol with Azure Active Directory (AD). For more information, see Security control: Inventory and asset management. Kibana provides flexible reporting on all API calls with pre-configured dashboards segmented by instance, application, role, user, API endpoint, and more. It is a best practice to use either service tags or application security groups to simplify management. Tag Azure API Management services that may be processing sensitive information as such and implement third-party solution if required for compliance purposes. Azure security services. This can be done by enabling Data Discovery and Classification, which will allow you to actively monitor data or access download reports. Learn about Privileged Access Workstations. Authorisation Key. Guidance: Configure your Azure API Management instance to authenticate developer accounts by using Azure Active Directory as an identity provider in Azure API Management. Underlying platform scanned and patched by Microsoft. Guidance: Within the Azure Monitor, use Log Analytics workspace(s) to query and perform analytics, send logs to Azure Storage for long-term/archival storage or offline analysis, or export logs to other analytics solution on Azure and elsewhere using Azure Event Hubs. If your organization is not using database-level encryption, you may be more susceptible to attacks. Use Azure Policy aliases in the "Microsoft.ApiManagement" and "Microsoft.Network" namespaces to create custom policies to audit or enforce network configuration of your Azure API Management deployments and related resources. If you use Azure Key Vault to manage the custom domain SSL certificate, make sure the certificate is inserted into Key Vault as a certificate, not a secret. 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