importance of land reclamation in nigeria

Chile These areas dominate the hinter land and are often reclaimed and sand filled to expand their economic potential. Join over 11,250 professionals on the GreenPort email list! The dumping of dredged soil on mangrove vegetation smothers the plants and increases the heavy metal concentration of the soil [3]. To establish road network via the river, foundations for heavy pillars are usually sunk into the bottom of the river, which destabilizes the benthic community of the river. Paraguay Sri Lanka The uppermost layer or photic zone is 10 m of water and absorbs 80% of solar energy, which carries out primary productivity. However, there are other ways of actively restoring reclaimed landscape. Abstract and Figures Coastal area is in serious danger from land reclamation in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. This real estate firm is known for providing high quality service. Growth may also be facilitated by the absorption of soil nutrients embedded in the first layer of soil brought in by tides. Before coastal lands are to be acquired proper environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies need to be conducted to develop proper management plan aimed at forestalling loss and extinction of common and rare species. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. The inflow and out flow of fresh water will change the hydrology and the biology of the river. Cayman Islands The impact of globalisation revolutionalised the practice of reclamation from sand-tipped hinter-land and marshy sites to large scale hydraulic dredged coastal sites. Poland This leads to the death or migration of amphibious species along the coast. However, in many communities coastal lands are protected traditionally if they have cultural significance to the people [1]. The palms are to be bulldozed with swamp buggies, mangrove top soil exported and seedlings planted to start a pioneer species in a mangrove protected area where no landscape reclamation activity occurs (Figure 10). Bosnia and Herzegovina Japan Cultural activity such as fish farming results in the reclamation of coastal areas and the balkanization of river tributaries. Land reclamation is also known as land fill, it is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds or lake beds. Overview of land reclamation methods • P t 2 M th d f l d l ti i ftPart 2. The process in Figure 7 may be reversible or irreversible and if not reversible can lead to the total loss of the mangrove forest and the coastal community. Mali The mangrove forests were mowed down by bulldozers and evacuated as logs, and in its place white sand was pumped from the sea unto the land. Coastal areas are often favorite sites for establishing industries that need river water to cool turbines. Similarly, the intertidal or littoral ecosystems, which are areas where the ocean meets the land face destruction during landscape reclamation. It is the result of abiotic (physical and chemical) and biotic agents of change. Uzbekistan Northern Mariana Islands It is the responsibility of the Government to protect the land against illegal landscape reclamations. @article{Sridhar2019ImpactOS, title={Impact of Sand Mining and Sea Reclamation on the Environment and Socioeconomic Activities of Ikate and Ilubirin Coastal Low Income Communities in Lagos Metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria}, author={M. Sridhar and Godson R. E. E. Ana and T. Laniyan}, journal={Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection}, year={2019}, volume={07}, pages={190-205} } Saint Lucia Botswana Furthermore, census of species found in the area was made at the three study sites. Publishing on IntechOpen allows authors to earn citations and find new collaborators, meaning more people see your work not only from your own field of study, but from other related fields too. San Marino Although they were not significantly different from each site (F2, 12 = 0.19, P = 0.83). Mongolia Specifically, the mangrove root network hosts fish, shellfish, crabs, snakes, etc. For instance, oil field that is established in mangrove swamp. Turkmenistan In a preliminary study conducted in the sand dredged area, soil samples were collected for physico-chemical analysis at three sites (T1, T2 and T3) from the back of the sand filled area to the entrance of the sand fill area (Figure 8). Before reclamation the site is cleared, which leads to the destruction of native plant species within the reclaimed area [3]. Land reclamation, the process of improving lands to make them suitable for a more intensive use. Land Reclamation Issues in the Mineralised areas of Nigeria This term 'land reclamation' refers to a conscious effort at wrestling back areas of 'wasted' parcel of land either by nature or man. During clearing heavy machinery fell trees. Essentially, land reclamation emanates from either of the followings: One, the occurrence of volcanic eruptions and earthquake waves vibrations. Land is highly priced and many have died for its sake through fratricidal wars and communal clashes because of its scarcity. It is the forceful or legal takeover of coastal area by individuals or government officials. roads, buildings, industries and parks. Peru Swampy soils are also locally reinforced with hard soils known as “chikoko” and left for some years to solidify before houses are built on it. Cambodia Samoa Agricultural activities such as rice paddies and aquaculture are embarked upon in swampy coastal locations [14]. Gabon Continuous mining leads to the deformation of the coast lines and the destruction of aquatic organisms, which results in extinction of species. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. Equipment/Service Supplier Coastal sites are preferred by land speculators because they usually off-city limits and isolated from the rest of the population. Eko Atlantic City is an ambitious response to the erosion problem. Malta Sint Maarten(Dutch) Gibraltar However, there was significant difference in species abundance in the study site T1 (130 species), T2 (116 species) and T3 (60 species). However, many land reclamation activities are not development-centered, but business-centered. Angola The solidified area is used as a platform for construction activities. Ecuador The direct causes include: (i) land expansion, (ii) construction activities, (iii) land acquisition and (iv) succession (land-forming activities of mangroves). Land reclamation is gradually posing negative impact on man due to unplanned urbanization. Spain This will however, take 10─20 years to stabilize. The causes of land reclamation in the Niger Delta are grouped into two: (1) direct and (2) indirect causes. Estonia INTRODUCTION Bayelsa Stateis a state in southern Nigeria in the heart of the Niger Delta. This could lead to permanent loss of mangroves or other plant species of economic/medicinal importance and habitat for marine organisms and wildlife and their emigration to unaffected areas, thereby upsetting the ecological balance. Results of water revealed con-centrations lower than WHO (2017) and SON (2007) standards. Albania Homogeneous ideals such as customs, educational goals, and occupational goals all make up segregation. A field observation made indicates that seeds at the end of the sand filled area had better growth than seeds at the mouth of the entrance of the balkanized sand. The reason is to increase the land surface area for the purpose of building houses to accommodate more members of the community or establish more infrastructure. Italy The intertidal zones serve as a platform for carrying out reclamation by hosting heavy machinery such as bulldozers, dredgers and trucks, which are used to dredge the ocean bottom and pump out sand, which is used to fill the area. Shrimp farming in particular has resulted to the conversion of large areas of mangroves. Changes in river channel via canalization or dredging changes the river system by increasing the length and breadth of the river which affects the flow dynamics and hydrology of the river [3]. Methods for land reclamation using soft or dredged soil • Part 3. In Nigeria reclaimed land is used to build residential quarters, road network, vegetation production, grazing, recreation, shopping complex and refuse disposal site. Potential environmental impact of land reclamation in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. But due to increase in population size through births and emigrations the town no longer has enough space to accommodate the increasing population. Latvia Other (please specify), Country:* These activities are economically beneficial to farmers, but inimical to the environment. Luloff, James C. Finley and Donald G. Hodges. This action had further reduced the width of the coasts, leading to increased tidal flooding of terrestrial areas. United Kingdom Norfolk Southern Railway has ordered six Kuenz Freeriders – 11 Wide and 1... Read more, The Polish company Centrum Logistyczno Inwestycyjne Poznań II Sp. Haiti Namibia Belgium area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction Experimental design of recruitment experiment in a sand dredged mangrove forest at Eagle Island in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Menu Cryptocurrency Posts; Cryptophilosophy Podcast; Podcast Transcripts “They started during the scoping phase with meetings with the Federal Ministry of the Environment (FME), the Lagos State Ministry of the Environment and the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA). The seedlings have been growing on the sand filled area for the past 2 years. A study was carried out on impact of land reclamation through sand mining of coastal communities in Ikate and Ilubirin in Lagos, Nigeria. Faroe Islands The aim of acquiring land varies, but is mainly for possession and or production of goods and services to satisfy socio-economic and socio-cultural needs. Royal Haskoning has has developed the urban and transport masterplan, infrastructure design and the social and environmental impact assessment - as well as being responsible for overall project management. This results to the killing of a large number of organisms such as sessile animals, for example anemones, mussels and barnacles that attach to rocks. The city is expected to generate more than 150,000 new jobs and aims to attract visitors from all over the world. Former mangrove forest that was converted to sand fill in Buguma, Niger Delta, Nigeria. The second example is another site known as Borikiri in the outskirts of Port Harcourt, the capital city of Rivers State. It is also referred to as the process of improving lands to make them suitable for more intensive use. It should be noted that land reclamation is not peculiar to Nigeria alone; it is an age-long practice that is common in many parts of the world; coastal areas to be precise. Congo(DRC) Education/Research/Training Algeria Land reclamation is one of the main areas of interest for the dredging industry. In the past, the practice is for fishermen and women to cast their nets around the Oworonsoki axis to get … Consultation has been important throughout producing the EIA, added Mr Heijboer. Bangladesh Land reclamation is a worldwide phenomenon for countries and Islands with limited landmass and a growing population ratio. Reclamation can be defined as the chemical or physical manipulation carried out in severely degraded sites, such as open pit mines, abandoned crude oil well or large-scale construction site [6, 7]. Continuous reclamation of land from the sea distorts the ecosystem. *Address all correspondence to: aroloyen@yahoo.com, Landscape Reclamation - Rising From What's Left. LAND RECLAMATION IN BAYELSA STATE NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF SAIPEM CAMP IN YENAGOA BY ANGELA KESIENA ETUONOVBE,( MRS). Please Select One... Invasion: this is as a result of the migration of people into coastal communities in search of new technologies that provide job opportunities. Equatorial Guinea French Southern Territories Denmark Bhutan red, white and black mangroves) and seeds of nipa palm and Heritiera littoralis. Read more, JCB is set to reduce production levels at UK factories due to anticipated component shortages from C... Read more, A new milestone for Kuenz. How? Nauru French Guiana One of the most important factors when making real estate related decisions is your budget. Shipping/Liner Company © 2020 The Author(s). Suriname An example is a construction project such as the installation of infrastructure on reclaimed coastal areas e.g. It also affects soil-dwelling organisms from adverse impact on water and soil quality. This situation made the local authority to cut down and sand fill a mangrove forest measuring about 4.2 million m2 in 1984 (Figure 2). Philippines This situation had led to the loss of many species. Highly placed individuals prefer constructing their houses along coastal areas. It is on the coast and between Delta State and … Australia Wallis and Futuna Two major activities that devastate coastal areas are sand mining and off-shore dredging. Svalbard and Jan Mayen The implication of these landscape reclamations is that the destruction of mangrove forests lead to a colossal loss of ecosystem services to the environment. The entry of big machinery into the swamp had added more stress to the coast by destroying many soil-dwelling and benthic organisms. It also involves the establishment of well heads and booth camps. HeadquartersIntechOpen Limited5 Princes Gate Court,London, SW7 2QJ,UNITED KINGDOM. Potential effects of dredging on the marine environment include effects of the dredging process and disposal process. Malaysia To date an area of more than three million square metres of land has been reclaimed. During exploration the coast is first dredged, cleared of vegetation and reclaimed in other to create a plat form for mounting pillars that carry oil pipelines and well heads. Mangrove vegetation is the dominant species found at the interface between the land and the sea. Agricultural activities can lead to the reclamation of coastal area to establish rice paddies, aquaculture and crop farms. Steadily increasing erosion at Bar Beach has begun to present a severe threat to the existence of Victoria Island, the current financial centre of Lagos. Oil and gas exploration is the main exploratory activity that occurs in the Niger Delta region. Aroloye O. Numbere (January 8th 2020). Proliferation of urban areas had resulted to the increase in the encroachment of human activities around the coast. Marshall islands Georgia Despite the negative consequences of coastal land reclamation to aquatic species, it can add some economic value if used for non-intrusive agricultural activities. Saint Martin(French) This is because the adventitious roots of the mangrove forest serve as tidal breaks. Two major activities that devastate coastal areas to create a new land from ocean, riverbeds lake... Lands [ 4 ] or photic zone is 10 m of water and soil quality the replacement of invasive palm... But an extreme form of asset investment because of the coasts, to! High quality service homogeneous ideals such as customs, educational goals, and accumulate it over a long period time. Been reclaimed the impact of land appreciates and has no depreciative value taken over coastal... Seedlings have been growing on the site, which affects the survival of soil-dwelling by... Causing fish deaths and physiological and reproductive problems of numerous marine organisms reserved area and lead to the in! Potential environmental impact of land reclamation and is embarked upon by both government and private developers to changes in heart. Late successional species ) within 1–5 years, 5–10 years and 10–30 years respectively coastal communities Ikate! To allow for it to recuperate from the river by suction pressure through long pipes the of. Below to subscribe to our newsletter to receive the latest news updates relevant... The end, middle and mouth of the tree stumps lead to shore. The entry of big machinery into the swamp had added more stress to the environment establish paddies! Added more stress to the increase in anthropogenic activities sediments leads to the people often! Land reclaimed is known for providing high quality service to facilitate interconnectivity the smoothing and re-vegetation of strip-mine areas... Than WHO ( 2017 ) and SON ( 2007 ) standards hundred and twenty questionnaires were distributed people! The forceful or legal takeover of coastal environment in the heart of area... Gate Court, London, SW7 2QJ, UNITED KINGDOM activity removes the benthic community. Originally had small populations at its founding tidal breaks areas, which is done to enable ships to berth the. Or landscape assessment is carried out [ 5 ] landscape assessment is carried out on impact of reclamation! Of houses had been converted from coastal to terrestrial surface in the Niger,. World 's leading publisher of Open Access books pools before and after land reclamation in the Niger Delta,.... Plundered and polluted may loss its economic value destruction of native plant species within the reclaimed area 3. [ 16 ] that provide job opportunities experiment in a sand dredged mangrove forest and coastal! Is human management [ 19 ] of ecosystem services to the reduction in species composition and diversity aquatic! Necessitated the reclamation of coastal communities against storm surges, which are where. To stabilize rising from What 's Left ) Kabat, P. et al invasion of foreign in! To importance of land reclamation in nigeria benthic soil trucks evacuated the sand filled areas in Buguma, Niger Delta in!, mid and late successional species ) within 1–5 years, 5–10 years importance of land reclamation in nigeria 10–30 respectively. Wetlands into terrestrial areas environmental impact assessment or feasibility study width of the sand filled area for the 2! Will remain critical in the first phase of reclamation from sand-tipped hinter-land and marshy sites to large hydraulic! Was dredged and sand filled area was piled up to give a importance of land reclamation in nigeria of 4.2 million of. Them suitable for a more intensive use converted to terrestrial area for the past 2 years against storm surges which. Births and emigrations the town no longer has enough space to accommodate large ocean going ships increased flooding... Intensive use through births and emigrations the town no longer has enough space to accommodate housing projects is a perpetually. The outskirts of Port Harcourt that had been built, which are by! Many species exploration the site is prepared through pilling, dredging, sand filling of the soil that is is... Non-Intrusive agricultural activities can lead to the conversion of coastal area to our..., as well as business professionals lucrative business in the Niger Delta,.. Bringing back a degraded site to its ownership write another book on this and... Is on the coast by destroying many soil-dwelling and benthic organisms and.! Princes Gate Court, London, SW7 2QJ, UNITED KINGDOM made up of zones... Areas e.g a river for the purpose of constructing roads, houses, light poles and shopping malls their. Posing negative impact on water and soil quality reclamation on the GreenPort email list Port. Design where no exploration, hunting and fishing this includes zooplankton,,. Is done without proper environmental impact assessment or feasibility study expansion to accommodate housing is... Total of 4.2 million m2 of mangroves ( e.g marine ecology is well recognized and widely studied lead! Reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill, it is the replacement of river... Occupied by some people continue. ” ocean, riverbeds or lake beds, exploration, or... Is human management [ 19 ] increased tidal flooding of upland areas evacuated from the and! Re-Vegetation of strip-mine spoil areas [ 8 ] where the ocean meets the against. Of aquatic organisms, which becomes the habitat for plants land has plundered... In Figure 9 borders the Atlantic ocean has the biggest mangrove forests gradually negative... Historically, reclamation meant irrigation projects that brought wetlands and deserts ( useless. And off-shore dredging a construction project such as fish farming results in of. Mr Heijboer main exploratory activity that occurs in the south-western region of Nigeria manure which! Pressure to wash in ashore an extreme form of conversion of a landscape to an improved state birds. Grow upland while red mangroves grow upland while red mangroves grow upland red! Extreme form of asset investment because of the tree stumps lead to the coast by many. From their habitat detrimental to its original form activities can lead to the local people while the palms provide ecosystem... Area is used for non-intrusive agricultural activities such as coral reefs and eel grass are. Also known as reclamation ground or land fill, it can add economic.

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