Ans. So preached that any Hoa Hao killing ten Viet Minh would have a straight pathway to heaven. , Although HÃ²a Háº£o Buddhism is an officially recognized religion in Vietnam, many members refuse the forceful governmental affiliation which is entailed by official recognition[clarification needed] and an unknown number of religious leaders have been detained for this reason. By August 1940, the Can Tho authorities were alarmed by their activities and by the destabilizing influence of Huynh Phu So. Huynh Phu So's stated objective was to "combine the ideal of universal love and charity with a new method of organizing society in order to serve better our people and mankind.â But he had no real understanding of the workings of a complex social system and therefore could not evolve a strategy for bringing about the new order of things, except through the violent expansion of his sect. Hoa Hao has its own flag which is rectangular and brown but which bears no characters or images. Evangelizing took the form of religious and academic education. Updates? They are informed about and engaged with current developments, interested in news of the outside world, focused on social work, improving the physical infrastructure of their locale and the building of a moral community. [better source needed], Hoa Hao religion combines the two kinds of Buddhism into one orientation: prescribing that all should strive to become monks for life but doing so at home and supporting themselves rather than turning into a caste of specialists permanently dependent on the community. Hoa Hao, in full Phat Giao Hoa Hao, Vietnamese Buddhist religious movement that was formed in 1939 by the Buddhist reformer Huynh Phu So. See the general flow the nationalist movement in Indochina was to drive away the French from Vietnam. No longer forced to devote their military forces to the struggle against the central government, they were able to resume their feud with the Communists. The final Saigon victories in 1962 signaled the end of the independent Hao Hao army. Eventually the French provided arms for some 20,000 Hoa Hao troops. No one could plead lack of means or difficult circumstances as a justification for not carrying out his own religious duties and for relying instead on monks, but these duties were kept to a minimum. Mention any 2 factors which prevented the growth of Vietnam in the early 20th century? Being a Hoa Hao was no longer a bar to participation in government, and the sect was no longer subject to religious discrimination by the orthodox Buddhist hierarchy. The founders of these traditions are regarded by HÃ²a Háº£o followers as living Buddhasâdestined to save mankind from suffering and to protect the Vietnamese nation. In each land he visited the creed has been adapted to the local customs and is called by a different name. After the war, it continued as an independent force in Vietnamese politics, opposing both the French colonialists and the Viet Minh nationalist movement of Ho Chi Minh. (ii) The founder of this movement was a man called Huynh Phu So. The Hoa Hao movement was found by a man called Huynh Phu So in1939. on religious ideas popular in anti - French uprisings of the nineteenth century. The Viet Minh was formed in China in May 1941 by Ho Chi Minh. The influences are evident in the Hoa Hao's religious practices; doctrine and architecture; the approach to prayer and preaching houses. The Hoa Hao turned their attention inward, both to solidify their sectarian strength and to increase their political influence in the delta. In 2007, the Vietnamese government had the printed prophesies of the founder seized and reprinted to a volume slightly more than half the original size. Homeowners associations can institute some ridiculous rulesâand some of them can even cross the legal line. His criticism against useless expenditure had a wide appeal. Hoa Hao Buddhism is generally considered an apocalyptic religion: believers are held to anticipate the impending destruction of the world and seek refuge provided by faith. A tentative easing of control on the religion began in 1999. The Congress of Vienna was held in 1815.It was chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich. As a result, the Hoa Hao were thereafter left alone, and won tacit permission to maintain a kind of sovereignty in the Transbassac. (ii) The Hoa Hao Movement (1939) : It was a religious movement against the French, led by its founder, Huynh Phu So. The Hoa Hao, along with the syncretic religious group Cao Dai, was one of the first groups to initiate armed hostilities against the French and later the Japanese colonialists. The Chipko movement is a step taken by the government to stop thousands and millions of trees all over India from being felled. Although led primarily by communists, the Viet Minh operated as a national Finally, in exchange for a contribution in money or goods, amulets are distributed by a monk of the pagoda; these amulets preserve from death, illness, and misfortune. He performed miracles and helped the poor. He attacked the custom of overspending at the New Year, of bankrupting one's family at funerals and weddings, and of trying to outdo one's neighbors in conspicuous consumption. A large community of ethnic Cham converts to Islam live in close proximity to Hoa Hao village.  Two HÃ²a Háº£o Buddhists self-immolated in 2005 to protest against religious persecution and more recently, after a wave of arrests of HÃ²a Háº£o Buddhists, nine more were imprisoned in May 2007. ADVERTISEMENTS: (i) Hoa Hao movement began in 1939 and gained popularity in the fertile Mekong delta area. On the way, he was led into a trap in which he and his four escorts were attacked but three were assassinated. But the Hoa Hao "alliance" with the Viet Minh was short-lived. Hi, Please follow the given link: https://www.meritnation.com/ask-answer/question/describe-hoa-hao-movement-against-the-french-plz-ands-f/social-science/2023014 By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While political influence was welcome, the Hoa Hao had also achieved their primary goal-religious independence. Analyse the role of 'Hoa-Hao' movement to arouse anti-imperialist sentiments in Vietnam. Adherents consider Sá» to be a prophet, and Hòa Háº£o a continuation of a 19th-century Buddhist ministry known as Bá»u SÆ¡n Ká»³ HÆ°Æ¡ng (Sino-Vietnamese å¯¶å±±å¥é¦). HÃ²a Háº£o stresses the practice of Buddhism by lay people in the home, rather than focusing primarily on temple worship and ordination. Based in the prosperous Mekong River delta area of southern Vietnam, where its adherents were mostly peasants, tenants, and rural workers, the Hoa Hao grew rapidly during the Japanese occupation in World War II. He was put in an asylum because of his preaching, but supposedly converted his doctor to the HÃ²a Háº£o belief. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The leaders of the Hoa Hao faith were recruited from schoolteachers, itinerant drivers and motor coach and river launch conductors, people on the nodes of the most important communicative pathways of colonial society. Useless expenditure had a wide appeal alliance '' with the Viet Minh, and information from Britannica! The violent expansion of the National Front and the Viet Cong four escorts were attacked but three were.. By their activities and by the sect expanded rapidly under Japanese protection, in a Muslim... 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